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30Eco- Textile Labelling Guide 2010 The International Wool Textile Organisation has recently modified its definition of organic wool which was previously aligned to the GOTS processing standard but now looks towards the NOP and EU 834/ 20078 obligatory organic fibre guidelines. In addition, the IWTO reveals that it is drawing up a Code of Practice for the production and processing of organic wool, which will augment and add guidance for the application of definitions of organic wool and its products that may be applied in all world markets. Definitions IWTO notes that notwithstanding legislative requirements, the term organic is also used in labelling to describe both the raw fibre and manufactured product ( e. g. garment). In certain instances, the IWTO says the use of this term can be ill- defined - especially for wool - so has drawn up its own definitions for organic wool fibre. Organically- grown wool This is wool grown by sheep raised on certified organic farms and harvested according to appropriate organic practices. The farm must be certified ' organic' by an IFOAM- accredited or internationally recognised ( according to ISO Guide 65) certifier. The organic wool and farming practices: ? must meet the standards enshrined in the legislation of the country in which the ultimate products are sold, where they exist; or ? where the country in which the ultimate product will be sold is not known, must meet a recognised international standard or the national standard from the country of origin. Notification of the standard to which the farm is certified must accompany the ' organic descriptor' of the wool. Recognised standards include, but are not limited to USDA National Organic Program and EEC Regulation 834/ 2007. IWTO reserves the right to exclude from this International Wool Textile Organisation At a glance: Scope of IWTO organic standard GOTS StandardYesNo Organic ? Genetic modification ? Water effluent ? Air emissions ? Energy consumption ? Worker safety ? Consumer safety ? Social criteria ? RSL/ Chemical residues ? Responsible water use ? Voluntary organic standards

31 Eco- Textile Labelling Guide 2010 The Institute for Marketecology ( IMO) is a well-known inspection, certification and quality assurance agency based in Switzerland which offers certification for the organic production and handling of textiles according to EU 834/ 207. It is also accredited by USDA for organic certification according to NOP and received the reaccreditation by MAFF and offer certifi-cation according to the Japanese Agricultural Standard ( JAS) for the Japanese market. IMO also certifies according to the Fair For Life and For Life Standards ( Fairtrade and Social Standards), and evaluates chemical products and natural dyestuffs according to the GOTS requirements. It is also involved in the sectors of natural textiles and social accountability. IMO certifies the traceability of organic cotton to the Organic Exchange 100 Standard and the OE Blended Standards ( see: page: 29) along with the Global Organic Textile Standard ( GOTS) ( page: 25). IMO is also an approved certifier for the Organic Cotton Project of Wal- Mart and Sam's Club. The International Association Natural Textile Industry ( IVN) has entrusted IMO and Institute for Marketecology ( IMO) IMO services offered Certification of natural fibres such as cotton, flax, wool, silk, etc. in accordance with organic standards such as EU 834/ 207, NOP or private organic standards like Naturland, Demeter, IFOAM, etc. Certification of all primary processing stages within the textile supply chain such as spinning, knitting/ weaving, dyeing, finishing and manufacturing ready- to- wear garments in accordance with the International Association Natural Textile Industry ( IVN), global organic standards and other defined criteria of textile associations and specific companies. Certification of producers, mail- order companies, and retailers, who label textiles themselves and bring them to market, such as IVN's ' Naturtextil' ( for which it is the exclusive certifier) . At a glance: IMOCoveredNot covered Organic NOP, USDA-NOP, OE, GOTS ( also offered: JAS, but not relevant for fibres) Genetic modification GOTS, OE 100, OE Blended ( agriculture) OE Blended ( processing) Water effluentGOTSOE Air emissions GOTSOE Energy consumptionGOTSOE Worker safety GOTSOE Consumer safetyGOTSOE Social criteriaGOTSOE RSL/ Chemical residuesGOTSOE Responsible water use GOTS OE ( agriculture) OE ( processing) Organic certification